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10.6 Operator Economics Related to Maintenance (level 2)
Maintenance costs:
Percentage of operating costs, capital equipment costs, labour, consumable stores, storeís inventory, effect of elapsed time on airline costs, man-hours required to complete a typical work and maintenance time overrun penalties;
Relative cost of overhaul by manufacturer or airline;
Component/engine leasing;

Analysis of different cyclic system(progressive and equalized checks),long term planning for mixed fleet, balance work loading,effect of seasonal peak on work loading;
Preparing of worksheet and job cards, task time and task sequence for optimum down time;

Development Engineering:
Liaison with manufacturer, study of new aircraft types, performance analysis, modification policy, defect analysis, improved utilization, reliability programme, engine trend monitoring, reliability study;

Labour policy:
Skill required training and recruitment, grading and qualification, salary structure and agreements with trade union;
State regulation, incentive, discipline and welfare;

Quality Control and Assurance:
Inspection procedure, documentation, records and sampling technique. Psychological aspect of inspection, duplicate inspection according to National and International standards;

National Industrial safety, insurance requirement, control of Hazmat, protective measures in work area;

10.7 Approved Maintenance Organisations (AMOs) (level 2)
Concept of a corporate body, its legal responsibilities and organizational structure;
Group of person nominated as being responsible for ensuring compliance with approved requirements;
Establishment of the competence of personnel and training of persons signing maintenance release;
Issue of terms of approval by the state;
Maintenance procedures and exposition;
AMO quality assurance and inspection system;
AMO facilities, tools, equipment and working environment;
AMO storage facilities and procedures;
Access to necessary technical data;
Record keeping and recording procedure, records retention;
Issue of a maintenance release.

10.8 The Role of NAA As An Aviation Regulatory Body (level 2)
Protection of public interest by establishing the need for the feasibility of air service and ensuring safety of flight operations conducted within the country;
Regulation of the degree of competition between operators and exercise control over commercial air operators;
Definition of the requirement for State-owned or State-operated facilities and services;
State authority is normally exercised through the incorporation of civil aviation acts, laws and statutes into the stateís legal system. It is also asserted through the establishment of a State Civil Aviation Authority which has the power to apply principles set forth in the aviation law, develop civil aviation regulations and orders and establish requirements for the issue of licences, certificates and other instruments of authority deemed necessary for commercial air transport. The State must also inspect all aspect of commercial air transport operations to ensure continuing compliance with State requirements, recommend corrective action to air operators and revoke or suspend an air operatorís licenses.

10.9 Aircraft Certification, Documents and Maintenance (level 2)
Requirement of a Type Certification (TC in accordance to Annex 8). Code/Certification Rule (CFR FAR, EASA 21/23/25/27);
Type Certificate issue by State of Design, associated TC Data Sheet, control and revision;
Supplemental TC and Major Modification;

Individual Aircraft Certification:
Design Organisation Approval and Production Organisation Approval
Approved Data such as AFM, MMEL, MPD, WBM
Acceptable Data such as AMM, CMM, WDM, IPC, SRM;
Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Certificate of Airworthiness;
Documents to be carried on board the aircraft such as C of R, C of A, Weight & Balance Report, Flight Test Report, Noise Certificate, Radio Station License.

10.10 Requirement For Continuing Airworthiness (level 2)
Understanding the concept that continuing airworthiness is a process of ensuring that at any time in its operating life, the aircraft should comply with airworthiness requirements and should be in a condition for safe operation;
Renewal or continued validity of C of A;
Approval or Acceptance of maintenance programmes, minimum equipment lists, ADs, SBís, SLís, Aircraft maintenance manual, operator maintenance control manual and AMO maintenance Procedure Manuals;
Understanding of the importance of Defects Reporting and Mandatory Occurrence Reporting (MOR) procedures to the Authority and the type design holder;
Analysis of defects and accidents information and the next action to be taken to prevent such incident recurring;
Structural integrity programme such as CPCP, Ageing Aircraft, SSIP, ALIís;

Special Operational Approvals:
Extended Range Twin Engine Operation Procedures (ETOPs), Reduced Vertical Separation Minima(RVSM), Required Navigation Performance(NRP), Minimum Navigation Performance Specification(MNPS).

10.1 International and Malaysian Aviation Requirement (level 2)
International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO):
formation, structure, functions, obligations and responsibility;
Review of ICAO relevant Annexes;
ICAO specification applicable to the particular course of study;
Government, Ministerial and National Aviation Authority responsible for the Civil Aviation within the States;
National Civil Aviation Regulation, Civil Aviation Act, MCAR, Airworthiness Notices, Air Information Circular & Air Information Publication (in relation to airworthiness of aircraft);
State competency and licensing regulation for AMEs;
Formalities prescribed by DCAM such as Certificate of Registration, Certificates of Airworthiness, Logbooks, Certificate of Maintenance (CRS, CRS-SMI, CMR, C of FF), Maintenance Schedules and Certificate of Approval;
Format of documents, required signature, and condition of issue of or compliance, period of validity and retention of certificate.

10.2 Airworthiness Requirements (level 2)
Design requirements (Airworthiness Notice No. 1 and Annex 8-Airworthiness of Aircraft):
performance, structural strength, handling, aerodynamics, reliability system or component performance, engine type, monitoring programme and tests;

Construction requirements:
material quality, construction method, approved manufacturing organization(DOA), system of traceability to source of origin and quality control, quality assurance;

Test requirement:
MPD, Structure test programme, Safe life, Fail Safe and Damage
Tolerant concept and testing;
Component and System testing;
Flight test schedules and Engine test schedule;
Test programme for special cases;

Procedure for the Maintenance of Continuing Airworthiness:
Appropriately approved Maintenance Organisation (Part M and Part 145;
Airworthiness Directives:
DCAM and Foreign AD. Issue, control, action and dissemination. One time and recurring ADíS;

Operational requirements:
Operation manual, Flight and performance scheduling, Technical Log and Minimum Equipment List (MEL);

Maintenance requirements:
Use of aircraft Maintenance Manuals, Maintenance Schedules, Overhaul period, Life Limited Parts, Maintenance Programme HT, OC, CM;
Responsibility of Licenced Aircraft Maintenance Personnel working with an Operator or an aircraft Maintenance Organisation.

10.3 Civil Aviation Operating Regulation (level 2)
Stress: domestic and work related;
Time pressure and deadlines;
Workload: overload and underload;
Sleep and fatigue, shiftwork;
Alcohol, medication, drug abuse.

10.4 Air Transport Operations (level 2)
Brief historical review of commercial aviation;
Outline of major factors in airline organization and economics;

10.5 Organisation and Management of the Operator (level 2)
Understanding of the air operatorís responsibilities for maintenance and the relationship between the operatorís Maintenance Management Organisation Exposition (MMOE) and maintenance organization Procedure Manual (MOE);

General structure of an airline:
Function and organization of various departments. Detail function of Engineering;
Technical, Production and Quality Assurance department and their function, responsibility and interrelation between each department heads;

Documentation of Maintenance:
Use of aircraft manuals, manufacturer bulletinís and ADís, preparation and approval of maintenance schedule, MEL and Technical Log. Familiar with Job/task cards, worksheets, Logbooks, weight schedules and flight test schedules.
Understand the Quality department audit / operation / inspection;

Planned Maintenance work:
Understand the Planning department function in maintenance work such as checks period, callout on components life, check cycles, rotation of components and overhaul of components;
Hangar layout, docking facility and equipment;
Workshop safety, fire hazard and first aids;

Management methods:
Methods study, time and motion study, statistical methods, budgeting and analysis.

B787, B737  MAX SERIES, B744 AND B747-8.
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